Latin American Federative Variables for ICT and Development Research: A Comparison between Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela

Marcio Iorio Aranha, José Maria Cruz, Antonio Alex Pinheiro

Resumen


From the perspective of the information revolution and based on the methodology put forward by the TelecommunicationsLaw Indicators for Comparative Studies (TLICS) Model published in 2011 and 2012, this paper builds on the federativeindicator used by the literature on dependence of economic development on ICT to answer the following research question:What indicators better represent the institutional federative background of eight representative Latin American countries forthe ICT comparative research? Six sets of federative indicators on revenue, fiscal transfer, regulation, adjudication, planning,and media are put together to compare the Latin American federative environment as a groundwork for the ICT comparativeresearch. The empirical universe of the paper encompassed eight countries that formed a potpourri of four officially unitarycountries – Chile, Colombia, Peru, and Uruguay –, and four federative countries – Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela–, that account for 82% of the Latin American surface area, 81% of its population, and 92% of its GNI (World Bank Data2011). The article is organized in three main parts. A detailed description of the ICT federative indicators of the TLICSmodel and their underpinning concepts is performed in the first part. The second part applies these variables to theaforementioned Latin American countries. The third part delves into the comparison of the countries analyzed by means ofcategorizing the differences and commonalities revealed by those indicators. As a main outcome, based on data collectedfrom the institutional background of those countries, we found clusters of commonalities between federative and nonfederativecountries that support the assumption that the sole reference to a single federative category, as opposed to the useof atomized indicators, cannot provide a real picture of their institutional background for ICT and development comparativepurposes.

DOI: 10.15213/redes.n9.p211


Palabras clave


comparative regulatory models; federalism; Latin America; Telecommunications Law Indicators for Comparative Studies (TLICS Model)

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